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cesarian section (c-section)

 

C section

The surgical operation known as a caesarean section, sometimes referred to as a C-section or caesarean delivery, involves delivering one or more babies through an incision made in the mother's belly. This procedure is frequently used when vaginal birth would endanger the mother or the baby.

OR

 Whenever the baby is lying transversely in the uterus or the placenta is covering the cervix, the only safe delivery method is a Cesarian sec (placenta previa).and so many other reasons.

 After a C-section, most moms and babies recover well. However, as it involves extensive surgery, the risks are higher than in a typical vaginal delivery. Bacteria of the incision or  the uterus is one of the potential side effects of a C-section.

As during C-section, you won't experience any pain, but you might feel some pulling or pressure. During or after a C-section, the majority of women are alert and only receive regional anaesthetic (an epidural and/or a spinal block) from the waist down. In this manner, they are awake to witness and hear the birth of their child.

PROS N CONS:

Your possibility of catching a blood clot in a pulmonary artery may increase if you have a C-section, particularly in the legs or pelvic organs (deep vein thrombosis). The damage can be fatal if a blood clot gets into your lungs and prevents blood flow (pulmonary embolism). infected sores.

MAY BE THE FOLLOWING:

  • fever.
  • increasing pain
  • more frequent vaginal bleeding
  • Redness around the abdominal incision has increased.
  • surgical incision swelling or leakage
  • a temperature or breast pain with redness.
  • vaginal discharge that smells bad.
  • urination discomfort

TIME DURATION FO THE PROCESS:

Typically, the entire procedure takes between 40 and 50 minutes. Sometimes, especially if the baby needs to be delivered more rapidly, a general anesthetic (when you are unconscious) may be administered.

HEALING PERIOD:

A C-section recovery period lasts roughly six weeks, you will need to take pain,medication for at least 7 to 10 days. however recovery times vary from person to person. It can take several weeks for an incision to repair, which is commonly a horizontal cut made in your lower abdomen. It's advised that you refrain from lifting anything heavier than your infant during that period.

How many surgeries are safe for women:

 each patient is unique and each case is special. The majority of medical authority do, however, state that the maximum number of four C-sections should be followed if several C-sections are scheduled based on the available clinical evidence.

How soon after a C-section can I walk:

Within 24 hours of surgery, it's crucial to get out of bed and move about. This can facilitate bowel movements, relieve gas discomfort, and stop blood clots. A few days following the C-section, you might try these easy exercises: Deep breathing: Every ½ HOUR, take two or three slow, deep breaths. 

After a C-section, how would you stay in bed:

You should pay special attention to resting on your left side since it promotes healthy blood flow and facilitates digestion. To feel at ease as well as provide your stomach and hips the support they need, you might need a body pillow or other comforting accessories.

 Ideal week for a C-section

From 39 weeks on, scheduled cesarean deliveries are advised by experts [5], ensuring that the fetus is fully mature. According to the gestational age pattern, certain investigations have revealed differences between Asian and Caucasian ethnicities in respiratory difficulties.

What does a mother require following a C-section:

Early on, you'll require assistance for a help to pull you up, go to the toilet,  Get a cart and put everything you need to feed your baby in it, including wipe cloths, spare baby clothes, nipple cream, nursing pads, your medicines, water bottles,a phone charger, one-handed foods, and anything else you might need.

How long the pain lasts:

Your incision will first be somewhat elevated and pinker than the surrounding skin. It'll probably look a little swollen. Your wound will be painful for at least three weeks, but any pain should subside within two or three days. For the first few days to two weeks, most women require pain medication.

Pregnancy pads:

These are necessary because, just like with a vaginal birth, you will still bleed from your womb (uterus), or lochia. You might require up to 24 maternity pads, but you might want to purchase more and store extras at home in case you need them after you leave the hospital.

BELLY BAND:
Belly binder

After giving birth, some women wear a postnatal belly band to support their muscles. According to studies, binders or wraps may lessen post-Cesarean section discomfort and promote healing. Additionally, they could support your muscles and organs as they realign themselves after giving birth.

The wrap can be worn for as long as is necessary for convenience each day. However, as prolonged use can have negative effects, experts advise just wearing them for 2 to 12 weeks.

After-op care

  • Keeping the space tidy and dry.
  • Wash your incision every day with warm, soapy water (usually when you shower). After cleansing, pat the area dry.
  • Let the tape strips fall off naturally if your doctor applied tape strips to your wound. Usually, this requires a week.
  • Limit the amount of exercise you do. Your body requires rest after a C-section, so get some of that.
  • Regularly take your medication.
  • Maintain the health of your stitches.
  • Maintain a balanced diet.
  • Skip the sex for a while.

hasten  C-recovery :

The following techniques help people heal more quickly from a C-section:

  • Get lots of sleep. Any surgery recovery depends heavily on rest.
  • Request assistance. Baby demands are high.
  • Process your feelings.
  • Go for regular walks.
  • Control the agony.
  • Keep an eye out for infection indications.
  • Combat constipation.
  • Obtain assistance with breastfeeding.

WHAT TO EAT:

  • oatmeal
  • whole grains
  • Fennel and dark, leafy vegetables including broccoli, kale, spinach, and alfalfa.
  • Garlic.
  • Lentils.
  • almonds, as well as seeds and nuts.
  • Ginger.
  • Papaya.
    Healthy food

Oranges, watermelons, strawberries, and grapefruits are among fruits that mothers should also eat because they are  excellent sources of vitamin C, which helps to boost immunity and fight infections.
Citrus food


foods to eat sparingly:
Avoid foods and beverages that cause bloating and gas, such as carbonated beverages,  preserved juices, coffee, tea, and spicy foods. Heartburn and indigestion can be brought on by fried and fermented meals. Given that moms nurse, such meals may have an impact on the milk and contribute to baby growth issues.

Dairy products n startchy items after surgery:

Following a caesarean section, the majority of moms and mothers-in-law advise against eating things like dairy products and rice since, in their opinion, they may slow the healing of scars. This is a misconception, though, and a lady can continue her regular diet a day or two after a cesarean section.

Proteins in c-section:

Protein is especially important after surgery. It helps repair damaged body tissues, form antibodies to fight infections, and synthesize collagen which is necessary for scar formation. Good protein sources include lean poultry, fish and seafood, nuts legumes and seeds.


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