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SCALP AND HAIR RELATED DISEASES


 

As we move forward, we should be aware of the composition of our hair. Keratin is a hard protein that makes up hair. Each hair is anchored to the skin by a hair follicle. The base of the hair follicle is made up of the hair bulb. Living cells divide and proliferate to form the hair roots in the hair bulb.

The hair root is fed by tiny blood vessels at the base of every follicle to keep it developing. The cells inside the strand of hair, however, are no longer active after it has reached the outer layer of skin. Dead cells can be seen in the hair you can see on every area of your body.

HAIR FOLLICLE

It is made up of fiber-like cells that give hair its innate elasticity and strength. The cortical layer contains over 90% of the weight of the entire hair. Melanin, the pigment that gives your hair its natural color, is also present in the cortex.

SOME SCALP DISEASES:

  • hair loss and dandruff.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis
  • Head  Lice
  • Folliculitis.

1:HAIRLOSS AND DANDRUFF:

Dandruff does not by itself result in hair loss. But extremely bad dandruff can make someone scratch their scalp so forcefully that they damage it. Recurrent inflammation in the hair follicles can harm and scar tissue, which can impede or stop hair re-growth. This may result in thinned or weak hair.

Dandruff may be present in certain people owing to dry skin, and other people may also have a condition that results in hair loss, such as male pattern baldness, a hormonal form of hair loss that can affect both men and women. Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss caused by an

DANDRUFF

accident, illness, or stress.

An autoimmune disease called alopecia areata. This curable autoimmune condition leads the body to destroy hair follicles. Tinea capitis is a fungal illness that can result in hair loss and is occasionally mistaken for dandruff.

How to stop dandruff from causing hair loss.

  • Obtain a prognosis. Numerous factors, such as how often you wash your hair and underlying skin issues, might contribute to dandruff.
  • Use a prescription shampoo.
  • Add some moisture.
  • Stay away from aggravating hair products.
  • Organize your tension.
  • Get some sunlight

Tips for hairloss n dandruff:

A comprehensive alternative skin care product is coconut oil. This oil is suitable for dry skin conditions because moisture is at its core. It might also have dandruff. By itself, dandruff is a common ailment.

REMEDY:

  • Egg white, one tablespoon
  • Yogurt, one tablespoon.
  • one tablespoon mustard oil and one tablespoons olive oil
  • Combine them and use it in the afternoon for 30 minutes once a week.
  • Shampoo then.

FOOD AVOID:

Sugar-and processed-food-rich diets can cause insulin surges, which then cause the production of oil, leading to an unhealthy, dry, and flaky scalp. In addition to causing irritation in our bodies, excessive sugar consumption can also make dandruff flare-ups more common.

 2:Seborrheic dermatitis:It is pronounced seb-o-REE-ik, is a typical skin disorder that primarily impacts your scalp. It results in red skin, scaly spots, and persistent dandruff. Additionally, oily body regions like the cheeks, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest might be affected by seborrheic dermatitis.

Stress is one of the most typical seborrheic dermatitis triggers. disease or a shift in hormones. soaps, chemicals, solvents, and strong detergents.

SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS

A fungal nail skin illness known as seborrheic dermatitis that affects regions with a high concentration of sebaceous glands. Seborrheic dermatitis and Malassezia yeasts are hypothesized to have a connection. An aberrant or inflammatory immune response to these yeasts may be partially to blame for this.

 This can also extend to other areas of the body, usually on the back near the thoracic spine and above the breastbone. Skin folds such as those in the armpits, groin, or under the breasts may also be affected. The vaginal area of men may also experience the patches.

3:HEAD LICE:

Head lice are small, wingless, blood-sucking insects. They reside in your hair and eat the blood that comes from your scalp. The size of a single adult louse is comparable to that of a sesame seed. The size of a nit (louse egg) is comparable to a little dandruff flake.

Common symptoms:

  • Intense itching on the scalp, body, or in the vaginal region are typical indications that you have lice.
    HEAD LICE
  • a tickling sensation caused by hair movement
  • The presence of lice on your body, pubic or other body hair, clothes, or scalp.
  • Nits (lice eggs) are found on hair shafts.
  • sores on the shoulders, neck, and scalp.

orally prescribed medication.

Ivermectin (Stromectol), a pill used orally, is only accessible with a prescription. With two doses given eight days apart, the oral medication efficiently treats lice. Usually, when other therapies have failed, this medication is utilized..Antilice shampoos are available in market also they are also effective.

4:FOLICULITIS:

foliculitis disease

Hair follicles become irritated in the skin disorder known as foliculitis. Usually, a bacterial or fungal infection is the culprit. It may initially appear as small red lumps or white-headed pimples around the microscopic pockets from which each hair grows, known as hair follicles.

How may scalp folliculitis be treated at home?

  • heated compress. Several times each day, apply a warm compress or warm, damp towel to your scalp to relieve irritation and clear any pus.
  • Soap with antibacterial agents
  • Shampoo that fights dandruff.
  • Use a cortisone cream.
  • antibiotic topical cream.
  • Water that is cool or lukewarm.
  • Washing.

The normal healing time for mild folliculitis is two weeks. Warm compresses are one self-care tool you can use at home. This might lessen itchiness and promote recovery.

The aforementioned illnesses were discovered to be scalp-or hair-related, so maybe now you have your answers. If you have any other questions, feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you for reading.😃

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